Tag Archive for 'sun'

The Earliest Sunset in Hachimantai

©2012 Jason Hill

We are  getting closer to the earliest sunset of the year. November 23 is what I like to call the “One month pit.” What I mean by this, is that on November 23, the sun will set at 4:14pm (setting earlier the next day), then one month later it will set again at 4:14pm (setting later the next day). In my area the earliest sunset will be on December 2 at 4:10pm and stay that way until December 13. During this month of darkness, it’s almost impossible for me to do any photography after work since it’s pitch black when I’m finished. I usually have to wait until early March until I can get any after work photography done.

One thing you should keep in mind is that the earliest sunset of the year is earlier than the solstice, which in my case is December 21, and due to the geometry of our orbit and how we measure time compared to this, it’s usually about two weeks earlier than solstice. This time is also different depending on your time zone and what latitude you live in. I use the iPhone app “Darkness” to figure this out. If you are a photographer and you want to take advantage of that “golden light”, you should start to learn about when the sun sets and rises in your area. It will help you in planning for your shoots.

For a better explanation, check out this article on Earth Sky  for more info. Here is a loose order of events:

[Earliest Sunset  – Winter Solstice – Latest Sunrise]

There is usally a two-week gap between all them, but it really depends on where you live.




Searching for the Japanese Sun

The Rolling Mountains of HachimantaiJapan is famously known as the land of the rising sun. In fact, the Japanese word for Japan, “nihon, or nippon” is written with the Chinese characters ‘origin’ and ‘sun’.  For a country so bathed is sun symbolism you’d think a northern Canadian such as myself could find a some sunlight on this little Island.  Sadly, if you come from a northern latitude and are used to those nine o’clock sunsets, you are in for a little shock.  Read on to find out what I mean.

First, I need to be fair to Japan. As a person who used to live in Edmonton, Alberta, where the 55 degree latitude gave me amazingly long 17 hour days in the summer, there is going to be a stark difference between Japan and Canada . Earth’s tilt dictacts that countries in more extreme latitudes will experience long summer days and short winter days. Japan is situated  closer to the equator than Canada and therefore, the days in the summer and winter are not so extreme. Of course, we pay for those long days in Edmonton with long, cold winter nights.  However,  let’s leave that aside for the moment and explore why Japan seems to have a shockingly short day, even in the summer.

One thing I quickly noticed upon my arrive to Japan some seven years ago was that in the summer, you don’t really need an alarm clock if you are getting up at 6:30am. The sun is up at around 4:45 and by the time you need to get up for work, the light is pouring in.  That is crazy early for sunrise. And since Japan doesn’t have any daylight savings scheme, the sun never comes up any later that 7am in the winter. This means plenty of early morning light all year long.  This was probably set up early on so that farmers could enjoy as much early sunlight as possible.

Of course, on the other end of this, the sun goes down quite early. In the winter, the earliest sunset occurs between 4:10 and 4:40 depending on what part of the country you are in, and this in itself is not too shocking, but in the summer, the sunsets between 7:10 and 7:40.  Sure, it is about 15 hours of daylight, but it doesn’t feel like it to me. I don’t wake up at 3:50am, so I can’t really enjoy that early summer sun.   This meant I got a case of  summer SAD(Seasonal Affective Disorder) during my first summer here .  Crazy, huh?  Having grown up in a northern country I took those late summer sunsets for granted.

You’ll probably notice however, that I am still in Japan. There were many other factors that kept me here, and I wasn’t driven off by the short summer days. But while, I’ve adjust to a certain point, I still long for those long Canadian summers.  I often wonder if Japan is in the wrong time zone, but then it doesn’t really affect people here. In fact, when I brought it, a salaryman told me he’d prefer it if things stayed exactly as they were. If there was more sunlight,   his company would have him work more overtime. Point taken.

Do summer sunsets here seem early to you as well? Or normal? Let me know in the comments.